From "devil's colour" to "king of dyeing stuff"

In 1498 Vasco da Gama brought the Indian Indigo across the sea to Europe. First the dying with Indigo was prohibited by death punishment, as it was a menace to the livelihood of the farmers. In 1654 the German emperor pronounced Indigo as the "devil's colour". At the end of the 17th century prince Friedrich Wilhelm introduced the Prussian-Blue dyed uniforms as a support of the farmers. This blue looked very tidy and respectable. During the First World War the colour blue disappeared from the Prussian uniforms and was replaced by camouflage colours. At last the Indigo was legalised due to its better dyeing qualities in the year 1737. The "devil's colour" had turned into the "king's colour". (Thomas Seilnacht)

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"feeling blue" - "blue monday"

The"Blue Flower in romanticism"

Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc and "Der Blaue Reiter " (=the Blue Horseman)