Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc and the "Blue Rider" (Blaue Reiter)
In 1920 the expressionistic painter Wassily Kandinsky wrote in his famous book "About the spiritual in art: "The tendency of the blue colour for becoming absorbed is so strong, that it becomes more intensive especially in deep shades ... The deeper the blue becomes, the more it attracts the infinity for men, the more it awakes the longing for the pure and at last for the magic" (Kandinsky, S. 92 - giving the gist of his words)
In the year 1912 the painters Franz Marc and Wassily Kandinsky published an encyclopaedia, which they called "The Blue Rider". Both painters liked the colour blue and horses. The "Blue Horses" painted by Franz Marc became very famous.
In the "Blue Flower" of the Romanticism man could recognise his own face in nature. With his "Blue Horses" Marc did a further step: "We won't go on painting the woods or horses as we like them, but as they really are, as the woods or the horses feel themselves, their pure nature, which lives behind the light, which is seen only by us ... From now on we must learn to associate animals and plants to ourselves and show our relationship to them in our art." (Marc 1912/13, in Partsch 1993)
With his Blue Horses and the other portrayals of animals Marc gave back the souls to the creatures of nature like they had before in the cave paintings. In the "Dreaming Horse" of 1913 Marc referred to the vicinity of the colour blue to dreams. There it were the horses, which had longings. He himself had an intensive relationship to the animals. (Thomas Seilnacht)